Terms of Reference for Conservation Agriculture KAZA regional Desk Study and hosting of KAZA Regional Policy | WWF Zambia

Terms of Reference for Conservation Agriculture KAZA regional Desk Study and hosting of KAZA Regional Policy

Posted on
27 February 2019
1.            BACKGROUND
1.1 Information about the programme set up 

WWF Zambia with financial support from the Germany and Netherlands governments through WWF Germany and WWF Netherlands respectively has been implementing a Climate Smart Agriculture project in Western Province (Sesheke and Sioma Districts) since 2012. In August 2017, WWF Zambia commissioned a “Lessons Learnt Study” of the project and findings indicated a lot of positive feedback from beneficiary farmers in terms of increased food production, incomes from sales of own farm produce as well as improved natural resources management and environmental stewardship.  Further in August 2017, WWF Zambia commissioned a Scoping Study on Conservation Agriculture (CA) that had three focal areas to (i) Develop a Power Map through analysis of currently applicable strategy documents on agriculture policy; (ii) Trends Analysis of the public funding allocation to agricultural sector and public support programmes (Farmer Input Support Program and the Food Reserve Agency) and their socio-economic and ecological impacts; and (iii) Compilation of existing documentation on CA pilot projects in other regions of Zambia including successes and challenges. The CA Scoping Study highlighted successes of CA among others as; increased yields for small scale farmers that had adopted CA practices compared to traditional methods of agriculture; improved land and soil management resulting into reduced burning of fields after harvest, increased use of same farm lands hence reduced opening up of new fields and cutting down of trees for consequently reducing deforestation; increased crop diversification and intensification of land use; increased productivity and production; improved market linkages and; increased farmer resilience to the climate change impacts . However, the study also highlighted some key challenges of CA as; lack of information harmonisation by various CA promoters; inadequate or lack of mechanisation; limited incentives leading to dis-adoption; weed infestation among others. The study further highlighted the key stakeholders and decision makers through a power map in the agricultural sector and CA in particular.

Recently in 2018, WWF Zambia commissioned a nationwide advocacy and lobbying campaign during the 2019 National Budget preparation process to lobby for increased budgetary allocation to the agricultural sector in general and CA and Extension services in particular. Critical review of the budgetary allocation to the sector had highlighted a declining trajectory prior to 2018 and this called for increased lobby at national government level to increase the budgetary allocation to the sector if the positive results and effects of CA highlighted above were to be sustainable. Following the lobbying engagements at various levels of government and decision making, the 2019 national budget through the Yellow Book has provided indicated increased budgetary allocation to the agriculture sector in general and CA and Extension Services in particular. Government increased allocation to agriculture in the 2019 budget to K5.4 billion (K4.7 billion: 2018) i.e. 4.826% of GDP against 3.308% in 2018. Specifically, the government increased the conservation agriculture and extension budgets to 0.0179% (0.0032%: 2018) and 1.2% (0.336%: 2018) respectively. Budget increased for conservation agriculture towards mitigation of climate change and extension services on livestock and fisheries subsector to K900, 000 (K408, 890: 2018) and K17,467,309.00 (K349,850.00: 2018) respectively. This represents increased budget allocations to CA and Extension of 14.4% (2014-2018 average allocation: K845, 822) and 46.7% from the five year average allocation (2014-2018 average allocation: K44,168,454) for CA and Extension respectively. Further, to allow for increased flexibility in the utilization of the Farmer Input Support Programme (FISP) budget-line to enable more farmers affected by climate change access scale-up conservation agriculture technologies, in the 2019 budget, FISP and FRA was reduced to 49.7% (60%: 2018) of the agriculture sector budget overall.

Despite all the above good strides regarding agriculture, Zambia still remains a hungry country. According to the Global Hunger Index 2015, Zambia ranks third of the world’s countries most strongly affected by hunger only after Chad and the Central Africa Republic. Important contributing factors are poverty, a system of food distribution that is in part inefficient, and unsustainable smallholder farming practices. A key aspect of the latter problem is a lack of support for farmers from the badly equipped public agricultural extension system. Therefore, there is still a need for large-scale introduction and sustaining of agricultural practices that conserve natural resources, are adapted to climatic change and which can thus deliver more stable and higher yields. Especially in communities characterized by smallholder agriculture in marginalized regions, this form of sustainable agriculture (conservation agriculture) can enormously improve the situation with regard to food availability and income generation.
The project objective is to influence political decision-makers with a view to improving the institutional context for sustainable agriculture in Zambia and ensure the shift in public and political discourse towards a consolidation of conservation agricultural practices that effectively contribute to food security and conservation of nationally important biodiversity and habitats and maintenance of ecosystem services; and to scale up the learning and influence to the KAZA regional countries of Angola, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe.

1.2 Purpose and direction of the project 
The purpose and expected outcome of the project is that improved public support for sustainable, climate-adapted production methods has improved the food security and resilience of smallholder farmers in Zambia and has preserved the natural resource base.
Conservation agriculture has become part of the political and public discourse of the Zambian agricultural policy and the agriculture budget, providing an impetus for changes in institutional framework conditions for the support of sustainable production methods used by Zambian smallholder farmers and in the KAZA region.
1.3 Impact indicators of the project
The project has the following impact indicators;
  1. A lobbying and communications strategy for mainstreaming conservation agriculture has been developed aimed at increasing public and political awareness of the benefits of CA and to gain widespread acceptance.
  2. Significant political decision-makers have been familiarized with the socio-economic and ecological benefits of CA and advocate for its institutional support, using parliamentary initiatives and public statements
  3. Relevant civil society organizations act jointly and coherently with a view to achieving a shift in agricultural policy and are developing a consensual list of demands with respect to stronger public support for CA.
1.4 Programme approach
The project is designed to ensure a multi stakeholder approach to popularizing and institutionalizing CA in Zambia and the KAZA region. WWF works with various local CSOs including research and academic institutions and relevant Private Sector to undertake evidence based advocacy with government and public institutions in advocating for acceptance and institutionalization of CA as demonstrated in political pronouncements and national budgetary allocations to the sector. 

2.         SCOPE OF THE CONSULTANCY
In April 2018, WWF Zambia supported and hosted a national conference on CA in Lusaka with an overall objective “To enhance stakeholder interest, learning and experience sharing among farmers, promoters, researchers and regulators of the agricultural sector at national and regional levels.”   The national conference attracted over 45 participants that included government representatives, public and private researchers and scientists, private sector and non-governmental promoters of CA and farmers alike. To scale up the effort, WWF Zambia plans to host a KAZA Regional Conference on CA in Livingstone Zambia in April 2019. Prior to the regional conference, WWF wishes to commission a regional desk study/ review of CA status in the KAZA region.
 
2.1          DESK STUDY: STATUS OF CA IMPLEMENTATION IN THE KAZA REGION
Through a desk study of all relevant literature and documentation regarding agriculture development, undertake a review of CA implementation status in the KAZA region as a sequel to the CA Scoping Study in Zambia undertaken in 2017. The pre-conference desk review should focus on the following;
 
2.1.1      Specific Consultant Responsibilities: Desk Review- CA Implementation in the KAZA Region
  1. Develop a Power Map through analysis of currently applicable strategy documents on agriculture policy in the KAZA region
  2. Trends Analysis of the public funding allocation to agricultural sector and their socio-economic and ecological impacts in the KAZA region
  3. Compilation of existing documentation on key CA projects in KAZA region countries of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia as appropriate including successes and challenges
 
2.1.2      Expected Consultants outputs from the desk review/ evaluation
  1. An Aide Memoire (including key findings and recommendations) and presentation of the Power Map and the policies and public support programmes: The Consultant will present the aide memoire to WWF and stakeholders in a regional policy conference on CA in Livingstone Zambia. 
  2. The Draft and Final Reports: The report should be logically structured, contain evidence-based findings, conclusions, lessons and recommendations, and should be free of information that is not relevant to the overall analysis. The report should respond in detail to the key focus areas described above in section 2.1.1. It should include a set of specific policy recommendations formulated for the purpose of promoting CA at KAZA regional level. WWF will provide comments on the Draft Report, and the Consultant will finalize the report in view of these comments.
 
2.2          SUPPORT HOSTING AND FACILITATION OF THE REGIONAL POLICY CONFERENCE ON CA IN           KAZA REGION IN LIVINGSTONE ZAMBIA
 
The overall project objective is to influence political decision-makers with a view to improving the institutional context for sustainable agriculture in the KAZA region and ensure the shift in public and political discourse towards a consolidation of conservation agricultural practices that effectively contribute to food security and conservation of nationally and regionally important biodiversity and habitats and maintenance of ecosystem services within the KAZA. To contribute toward achieving this objective, WWF Zambia plans to host a KAZA Regional Policy Conference on CA in Livingstone Zambia in April 2019. The regional conference is aimed at attracting and bringing together political decision makers, scientists, researchers, farmers, public and private CA promoters to learn, share and experiences on climate smart agriculture practices within the KAZA region.
 
2.2.1      Specific Consultant Responsibilities: Regional Policy Conference on CA in the KAZA Region,     Livingstone Zambia
In close consultation with the WWF Zambia Project Manager, the Consultant will support, host and facilitate the regional policy conference on CA in KAZA region planned for Livingstone Zambia in April 2019. Specifically, the Consultant will support and focus on the following;
 
  1. Identify and generate a stakeholder participant list to the regional policy conference on CA in KAZA. The list to include political decision makers, scientists and researchers, CSOs and private sector promoters of CA and farmer from all KAZA countries are appropriate up to a total of 45 participants
  2. Invite attendees and make follow ups including logistical to ensure full participation to the regional conference.
  3. Identify appropriate presenters and support call for abstracts/ papers on agreed topics with WWF for presentation during the Conference (at least 5 topical issues to be covered including;  (a) Overview of the impact of Climate Change on Agriculture, implication for policy and SGDs in Southern Africa; (b) Conservation Agriculture, Nutrition and Food Security; (c) Conservation Agriculture and Soil Management and Climate Change Adaptation; (d) Conservation Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation; Climate Smart  Agriculture, issues and way forward in Southern Africa)
  4. Facilitate the 2 day regional conference
  5. Support the undertaking of the post conference field tour to CA sites in Sesheke and Sioma Districts. Make prior contacts and confirmation with participants regarding the tour
 
2.1.2      Expected Consultants outputs from the Regional Policy Conference on CA in the KAZA                Region, Livingstone Zambia
The following are the expected deliverables from the Consultant regarding the Regional Policy Conference on CA in the KAZA Region in Livingstone Zambia;
 
  1. Stakeholder conference participant list agreed with WWF Zambia
  2. Secured final Abstracts/ Papers on the topical issues identified above in 2.2.1 (iii) above.
  3. Conference proceedings report including the post conference field tour
 
  1. ESSENTIAL SKILLS AND COMPETENCES
  • Postgraduate education in social sciences, agriculture, economics, or other discipline relating to advocacy, lobbying and natural resources management (Master’s degree preferred).
  • Five years or more relevant experience; including a strong technical networking and mobilisation background, experience of political negotiation process influencing work, and people management experience. 
  • Well-developed interpersonal and team skills and proven ability to be flexible in demanding solutions.
  • Extensive experience in assessment, monitoring, surveillance and evaluation of socio-economic and political situations for advocacy programmes; including demonstrated capacity to facilitate large gatherings of different stakeholders
  • Excellent workshop facilitation, communication and inter-personal skills, and the ability to establish and maintain effective working relationships with colleagues and partners, external actors and allies.
  1. SCHEDULE
The assignment should commence latest on 11th March 2019 and be completed latest by 15th May 2019. The estimated time for the assignment is 30 working days which should include phase one of the Desk Review of CA implementation in the KAZA region focusing on desk review, a second phase involving support and facilitating the regional policy conference on CA focusing on the regional conference as follows;
  • Desk review of CA in KAZA region – 20 days; 11th March to 10th April 2019
  • Support to the Regional Policy Conference on CA – 10 days; 11th March to 15th May 2019
 
  1. REPORTING AND DOCUMENTATION
Both the Desk Review report and the Regional Policy Conference on CA report shall be written in English and should not contain more than 30 pages each without appendices.  
a) Final hard (printed) copies of each report should be submitted to WWF Zambia Country Office;
b) Final softcopies of each report should also be submitted to WWF Zambia Country Office;
c) Appropriate illustrations/pictures/tables/figures that will be collected/developed during the Desk Review and the Regional Conference on CA should also be submitted to WWF Zambia Country Office;  
 
  1. SUPERVISION AND COORDINATION
The assignment shall be Supervised by the WWF Zambia Conservation Manager, Mr. Norman Rigava and Technically Coordinated and Managed by  the WWF Zambia Policy and Advocacy/ M&E Coordinator Mr. Bwendo Kabanda and all queries must be directed to bkabanda@wwfzam.org   and copied to; nrigava@wwfzam.org
 
WWF Zambia Country Office, P.O. Box 50551RW, Plot 4978 Los Angeles Boulevard, Long Acres, Lusaka, Tel: +260 211 250404, Fax: +260 211 253749
 
How to apply
  1. end; 1) Detailed technical and financial proposal for the whole assignment; 2) CV for Lead Consultant/ Company profile; 3) Cover letter; to wwfcareers@wwfzam.org. Please put “Your Name – Bengo II Conservation Agriculture Advocacy Consultancy” as the subject of your email.
Closing date: Deadline for applications is Friday 1st March 2019 at 17:00hrs. Kindly note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.