Water Resource Protection Areas
The Zambia Water Resources management Act of 2012 now includes provisions for identifying protection areas based on the freshwater resource, similar to other protected or restricted areas such as national parks, game management areas, forest reserves and important fishery areas.
A Water Resource Protection Area (WRPA) is defined as an area where special measures are necessary for the protection of a catchment, sub-catchment or geographic area” Some of the most obvious areas that come to mind are the sources of rivers (known as headwaters), areas where water is known to sink into the ground in large volumes (groundwater recharge zones) and areas which have a function of storing up water for long periods of time and then releasing it during drier periods (wetlands, marshes and dambos). One of the major objectives of identifying these areas will be to protect them to ensure security of water supply for people and to conserve nature. Learn more by CLICKING HERE
WWF Zambia (Lusaka) is working with the Water Resources Management Authority (WARMA) to develop a methodology and analytical framework for mapping these Water Resources Protection Areas (WRPAs) for Zambia. The work will be conducted in close collaboration with stakeholders, who will guide the development of the methodology and data collection. The Minister of Water Resources, Sanitation and Environmental Protection is then expected to gazette these areas.
As part of this project, a comprehensive database of spatial information has been mobilized and a website created for stakeholders to be involved in the technical analysis. The dataset has information in seven categories; hydrology, physiography, climate, land cover, geology, soils and demographics.
WWF and partners are also lobbying for the Luangwa River to be declared as a Water Resource Protection Area. You can learn more about how to be involved in this campaign here