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Term of reference - Development of a community-based socio-economic monitoring methodology for KAZA

The newly developed approach will then provide a future blueprint and standard for all future socio-economic monitoring in KAZA for all partners.

Overall Background

The Kavango Zambezi (KAZA) Transfrontier Conservation Area (TFCA) is the largest terrestrial transboundary conservation area in the world (Fig. 1). KAZA is located at the confluence of five southern African countries - Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe – and covers an area of 520,000 km². KAZA is a mixed land-use landscape with 20 National Parks, 85 Forest Reserves, 22 Conservancies, 11 Sanctuaries, 103 Wildlife Management Areas and 11 Game Management Areas. About 20% of the land falls under state protection and roughly 29% used for agriculture. KAZA is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites - the Victoria Falls, the Okavango Delta and the Tsodilo Hills. The KAZA TFCA vision of “Establishing a world-class Transfrontier conservation area and tourism destination in the Okavango and Zambezi river basin regions within the context of sustainable development” is premised upon a concerted, five-country effort to harness the region’s rich natural resources to promote economic development through conservation and tourism. Given KAZA’s regional and ecological/conservation significance, WWF has been supporting it since inception.

The challenge is to develop a two-pronged approach: (1) one which allows the collection of data according to the previous survey to enable comparison between the baseline and now and (2) one that develops and establishes the integrated community-based method within the target communities.

Additionally, this assignment will establish a strong collaborative group of implementers and experts on the subject of community-based socio-monitoring in KAZA (and beyond), including institutions in the 5 partner countries. These do not only assist in the development of such an innovative approach but also provide long term support to the monitoring.

The phases of the assignment are envisioned as follows:
Preparation phase 1 & 2 – Mid/End November 2020– February 2021
Training and data collection phase – Mar/April 2021
Reporting phase – April 2021
Feedback phase – May 2021